High prevalence of flat head syndrome in the early stage of life and its effect on aesthetic appearance

Plagiocephaly develops in the early stage of life and if not detected and treated early may lead to facial asymmetry.

High incidence of plagiocephaly and brachycephaly in the first 4 months of life

facial assimetry on plagiocephaly

The flat spot develops early in the first few months of life. Normally babies develop flat spot in the first 2 months of life. If the head flattening is not detected early it will progresses rapidly.

High incidence of flat head syndrome occurs at the age of 4 months.

As the babies grow older, they start to turn and lift their heads, crawl, sit and move about. They also spend less time lying on their back. Hence the period of time the pressure acting on the flat spot has become shorter. Subsequently the head shape also recovering. Approximately half of all infants with prominent deformational plagiocephaly present at 4 months will have significant improvement by 6 months of age.

However there are some babies (3.3%) with moderate to severe head flattening did not recover normal head shape by the age of 2 years old.

(source: Plagiocephaly and brachycephaly in the first two years of life: a prospective cohort study. Pediatrics 2004 Oct;114(4):970-80)

The undesirable effects of flat head syndrome on the aesthetic appearance

In the moderate to severe cases, there may be

If baby flat head (deformational plagiocephaly) is not corrected in time these undesirable craniofacial characteristics may grow into adulthood.

facial assimetry on plagiocephaly
plagiocephaly typical deformation
Facial asymmetry and head shape distortion